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SFF: Publications : Foundation : Notes for Contributors

Notes for Contributors


Please submit articles in either .rtf or .doc format. Length should be up to 6000 words (including Works Cited) and set in 12 pt Times New Roman (double-spaced), with 2.5 cm margins all round.

Images should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi and be supplied independently of the text, not embedded within it. Files should be clearly labeled, with an indication of where they should be placed in the text, and a suitable caption included.

Foundation aims to be a lively, accessible journal, written in clear, plain English. Below are some pointers:

  • The title of the article should be in bold with your preferred name and university affiliation (if appropriate) below. Headings and sub-headings should also be in bold.
  • Extended quotations (of 40 words or more) should be marked out by a line space above and below the quotation, and indented from the left and right hand margins by 1.27 cm.
  • Use UK spellings and —ize word endings unless words are part of a direct quotation.
  • Use single quotation marks (double quotation marks if nesting quotations within quotations).
  • Punctuation marks that are not part of the quotation should be positioned outside quotation marks.
  • Foundation also prefers the use of spaced en dashes and spaced ellipses like so: [...] An ellipsis at the end of a line should not be followed by a full point.
  • If abbreviating ‘science fiction’ please use ‘sf’ (‘Science fiction’ at the beginning of a sentence); ‘sci-fi’ is acceptable usage if it is relevant to your discussion. Syfy refers to the tv channel.
  • Critical or theoretical concepts should be introduced and explained appropriately. Please avoid jargon. Italics and 'scare quotes' should be used sparingly.

With reference to book reviews, reviews should be approximately 1000 to 1500 words long. You may quote from the book under review but please avoid citation of secondary sources. Reviews should concentrate upon the strengths and weaknesses of the book under discussion but a sense of context is to be appreciated. Reviews should not, however, be mini-essays and should not be used as a platform for the reviewer's unsubstantiated opinions.


Foundation uses the author-date system for citing texts, but also uses endnotes for archival and other material that cannot otherwise be cited within the main text. If using endnotes, please make them as brief and to the point as possible. In general, if something is worth saying, it is best said within the main text since notes can divert the reader's attention from the main argument. Note calls should be placed after punctuation (i.e. comma or full-stop) and presented in superscripted Arabic (1, 2, 3).

Before quoting from your source-text, you should always give the original date of publication/composition (e.g. 'In H.G. Wells' The Time Machine (1895)...'; 'In a letter dated February 23, 1937 Orwell writes...').

Below are examples of the entry which should feature in your Works Cited, [W], and in the in-text citation [T] (which has to include the number(s) of the page(s) you are quoting from).

Please note that the capital letters preceding individual entries (W or T, respectively) have been included only for the sake of identifying the position of these entries either in the text or the Works Cited section of an essay.



Single author

W: Gibson, William. 1984. Neuromancer. London: Gollancz.

T: (Gibson 1984: 65)


Re-issue or subsequent edition

W: Gibson, William. 1995 (1984). Neuromancer. London: Harper Voyager.

T: (Gibson 1995: 24)


Two authors

W: Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. 1988. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. London: Athlone Press.

T: (Deleuze and Guattari 1988: 104)


Three or more authors

W: Forsdick, Charles et al. 2006. New Approaches to Twentieth-Century Travel Literature in French: Genre, History, Theory. New York: Lang.

T: (Forsdick et al. 2006: 262)


Editor, translator, or compiler in addition to author

W: Bonnefoy, Yves. 1995. New and Selected Poems. Ed. John Naughton and Anthony Rudolf. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

T: (Bonnefoy 1995: 22)


W: Homer. 1951. The Iliad of Homer. Trans. Richmond Lattimore. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

T: (Homer 1951: 92)


Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

W: Hollinger, Veronica and Joan Gordon, eds. 2002. Edging into the Future: Science Fiction and Contemporary Cultural Transformation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

T: (Hollinger and Gordon 2002: 58-9)


Chapter, essay, story or other part of a book

W: Wolfe, Gary. 2002. ‘Evaporating Genre: Strategies of Dissolution in the Postmodern Fantast’. In Edging into the Future: Science Fiction and Contemporary Cultural Transformation. Eds. Veronica Hollinger and Joan Gordon. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 11–29.

T: (Wolfe 2002: 15)


Preface, foreword, introduction, or similar part of a book

W: Rieger, James. 1982. Introduction to Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. xx–xxi.

T: (Rieger 1982: xx)


Book published electronically

If a book is available in more than one format, please cite the version you consulted. Include an access date parenthetically at the end of the citation if using an online publication. If quoting, use chapter + page number, section or location as appropriate, depending on your reader.


W: Gibson, William. Neuromancer. 2011. London: Voyager. Kindle edition.

T: (Gibson 2011: Ch.1)


W: Foster, Kevin. Lost Worlds. 2009. London: Pluto Press. (accessed 29 July 2013).

T: (Foster 2009: 25)


W: Gribben, Crawford. 2009. Writing the Rapture: Prophecy Fiction in Evangelical America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, (accessed 24 August 2009).

T: (Gribben 2009)


Journal articles

Article in a print journal

W: Blouin, Michael J. 2011. ‘A Western Wake: Difference and Doubt in Christopher Nolan’s Inception’. Extrapolation 52.3: 318–37.

T: (Blouin 2011: 320)


Article in an online journal

W: Gendolla, Peter. 2008. ‘The Art of Poetry Machines’. dichtung-digital 38. http:// (accessed 29 August 2009).

T: (Gendolla 2008)


Article on a website

W: Jones, Jeremy L.C. 2012. ‘A Boy and His Ghosts: From the Red Telephone to Red Dawn: Imagining the Apocalypse’. Strange Horizons 9 July 2012. (accessed 29 July 2013).

T: (Jones 2012)


Article in a personal blog

Roberts, Adam. 2013 ‘The banality of righteousness’. Sibilant Fricative. (accessed 29 July 2013).


Newspaper articles

Article in a print newspaper

W: Jacobson, Howard. 2010. ‘Anti-Zionism – facts (and fictions)’, The Jewish Chronicle, 30 July, Comment and Analysis, p. 22.

T: (Jacobson 2010: 22)


Article in an online newspaper or online newspaper edition

W: Jacobs, Gerald. 2010. ‘A victory we can take pride in’, The Jewish Chronicle Online, 14 October. (accessed 16 June 2011).

T: (Jacobs 2010)


Web sites

W: SF Signal. ‘INTERVIEW: Clifford Beal, Author of Gideon’s Angel’. 26 July 2013. (accessed 29 July 2013).

T: (SF Signal)



W: Resnais, Alain, dir. 1955. Nuit et Brouillard [Night and Fog, alt.]. France: Argos-Films, Como Film. [31 mins.]

T: (Resnais 1955: 00:24:11)


Television Episodes

W: Joseph Pevney, dir. 1967. 'Friday's Child'. Star Trek 2:11. USA: CBS Paramount. [BBC recording: 14 October 1970]

T: (Pevney, 1967: 00:12:33)


Common misspellings

Delany, Samuel R. (not Delaney)

Jameson, Fredric (not Frederic or Frederick)

Le Guin, Ursula K. (not Leguin, or LeGuin)

Pohl, Frederik (not Frederick)